Winter, the coldest season of the year, comes between autumn and spring. It is associated with plunging temperatures and icy weather, but its impact and timing change according to location. The farther an area lies from the equator, the colder temperatures it experiences. Temperatures in equatorial regions stay relatively constant despite the shifting seasons. This is because, due to the curve of the Earth, the equatorial areas get more sunlight, according to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ARM program.
Most people think the coldest season begins during the winter solstice, but there are in fact two definitions of winter. Astronomical winter — what most people think of as winter — is defined by Earth's position around the sun and ranges from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox.
The winter solstice marks the time when sun passes directly over the equator. It is the shortest day of the year, and has been noted and celebrated by a wide variety of cultures around the world. At the time of the winter solstice, the corresponding pole is tipped about On that day in the Northern Hemisphere, the North Pole is farther from the heat-producing star, while the Southern Hemisphere, which experiences summeris closer. But anyone who regularly engages in winter sports might tell you that winter weather tends to fall before the middle of December or June.
It is based on the annual temperature cycle and the calendar rather than Earth's journey around the sun. People living in the Northern Hemisphere are more likely to experience a colder winter than those in the Southern Hemisphere.
In fact, all of the coldest countries in the world are located in the Northern Hemisphere. Though not a country, Antarctica, in the Southern Hemisphere, is technically the coldest region on Earth. So why do so many countries in the Northern Hemisphere get much colder than those in the Southern Hemisphere? This occurs because there are a few major differences between the two hemispheres when it comes to factors that affect climate: the size of a land mass, how close the land is to a polar region and the amount of ocean coverage.
First, there are larger masses of land at higher latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, even within the Arctic Circle, such as Greenland, the northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland and the frigid tundras of North America, Europe and Asia. In contrast, the bigger land masses in the Southern Hemisphere are closer to the equator and no countries are located on or below the Antarctic Circle — only the frozen unpopulated continent of Antarctica.
Another important temperature moderator is the ocean. Oceans cover 81 percent of the Southern Hemisphere, compared to only 61 percent in the Northern Hemisphere, according to the book " Atmospheric Temperature Profiles of the Northern Hemisphere " Springer, All of this water, which stores and conducts heat better than land, helps keep temperatures somewhat warmer and more stable.
Winter brings many changes to the world around it. During winter, some animals migrate, which means moving to another area for a season's time. Usually, animals go south to warmer areas during the winter. In response to global warming, some bird species now arrive in spring breeding grounds earlier, and lay eggs earlier, according to a report by the World Wildlife Fund WWF.
In Europe, some birds that normally migrate have stopped migrating altogether, according to the report. Species movement has to do with changes in habitat, as well, Keith Peterman, a professor of chemistry at York College of Pennsylvania, and Gregory Foy, an associate professor of chemistry at York College of Pennsylvania, explained to Live Science.
Migration isn't just about staying warm. Animals can be forced out of their normal habitat because of changes in their food supply and introduction of new bacteria or viruses due to the change in climate where they have poor resistance. Others animals begin a period of hibernation during the winter, passing much of the season in a near-sleep state.This season is the coldest in the whole year, but not in the tropical zones. Everyone feels some magic in the air, because of frosts, crystal nights, snow and just this amazing atmosphere.
This time of the year is perfect for doing winter sport activities, such as snowboarding, ski riding, ice skating, playing snowballs and much more.
When Do the Seasons Start in 2020?
Winter is also a perfect time to be at home, drink hot tea or coffee, spend time with family, friends, watch movies and just enjoy every day!
Nature in the winter season is sleeping, because of low temperatures, frost in the air and snowing weather. You are able to see trees, that just covered by snow, as a ground. Most of plants and animals are having their hibernation period, so winter is not full of bright colors, but who says that white, snowy and a bit magical winter is not cool? Days become short, as usual not so sunny and nights are becoming longer. Also winter season is the best time in the year to see starts in t night sky, due to they are the brightest in this time of the year.
In the winter season the sun it not active, as usual, temperatures are low and days are really cold. But, despite this everyone loves winter and waiting for it. The most beautiful phenomenon of the winter is snow! You know that the snowflakes are never repeat themselves, they have amazing shapes, that different with each new snowflake.
Another amazing thing, that we can see in winter is crystallization of the water. This phenomenon is really beautiful and makes environment more picturesque. To add more, on some frozen lakes it is allowed to ride a ski!
Winter is the best time for plants and trees to relax and prepare for the next season. They are just sleeping but not really deep. Frost on the plants even helps them to accumulate how much force they would need to grow and get covered with young and green leaves in the spring. But coming of the winter season does not mean that we will not enjoy the beauty of the nature.
There are still a lot of flowers and trees that love winter and can survive even when the temperatures are low. Blue Spruce is a tree that really loves winter and also looks very nice, when covered with snow. Wintergreen Boxwood is a plant that really loves winter weather and as you can understand from the name is green even in winter.
Also this small plant looks really nice with snow cover and serves as a reminder that not everything in the winter time is sleeping and you still can find real beauty in the nature. Winter period can be really challenging for animals. Temperatures are low and it is cold for some of them to stay outside, it is difficult to find food and shelter.
That is why animals are trying to survive winter in the different ways. Some of animals are migrate in warmer lands. Another just grow more warm fur, that would help them to live when the weather is cold and also well-known way to survive winter season is fall into hibernation.
It is a deep sleep, that helps animals to store energy and fell comfortable, when the temperatures are low.The low temperatures associated with winter occur only in middle and high latitudes; in equatorial regions, temperatures are almost uniformly high throughout the year.
For physical causes of the seasons, see season. The concept of winter in European languages is associated with the season of dormancy, particularly in relation to crops; some plants die, leaving their seeds, and others merely cease growth until spring. Many animals also become dormant, especially those that hibernate; numerous insects die. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
Winter season. Human action has triggered a vast cascade of environmental problems that now threaten the continued ability of both natural and human systems to flourish. Solving the critical environmental problems of global warming, water scarcity, pollution, and biodiversity loss are perhaps the greatest challenges of the 21st century.
Will we rise to meet them? Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Seasonany of four divisions of the year according to consistent annual changes in the weather. The seasons—winter, spring, summer, and autumn—are commonly regarded in the Northern Hemisphere as beginning respectively on the winter solstice, December 21 or 22; on the vernal equinox, March 20 or 21; on the summer….
In winter the prevailing winds carry cold air masses off the continents in temperate and subarctic latitudes, cooling the adjacent surface seawater below that of the mid-ocean level.
In summer the opposite effect occurs, as warm continental air masses move out over the adjacent sea. Winter in the temperate latitudes can present extremely stressful conditions that greatly affect the vegetation.
The days are shorter and temperatures are low, so much so that in many places leaves are unable to function for long periods and are susceptible to damage from freezing. History at your fingertips.Alliteration Hyperbole Metaphor Irony. View all reading worksheets. View all writing worksheets. Dramatic Irony Cacophony Anaphora Setting. View all literature worksheets.
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View all biology worksheets. View all space worksheets. View all science worksheets. View all animal worksheets. View all Addition Worksheets. View all Numbers Worksheets.By Konstantin Bikos and Aparna Kher. When do spring, summer, fall, and winter start and end? It depends on which definition you use and if you are north or south of the equator. The Earth's axis is slightly tilted in relation to its orbit around the Sun. This is why we have seasons.
In most cultures, including all western countries, the year is commonly divided into four seasons:. Since the year has 12 monthseach season lasts about three months.
However, the dates when the seasons begin and end vary depending on whom you ask. Two methods are most commonly used to define the dates of the seasons: the astronomical definition and the meteorological definition. The astronomical definition uses the dates of equinoxes and solstices to mark the beginning and end of the seasons:. Because the timings of the equinoxes and solstices change each year, the length of astronomical seasons within a year and between years also vary.
According to the meteorological definition, the seasons begin on the first day of the months that include the equinoxes and solstices:.
When the Northern Hemisphere gets most sunlight summerthe Southern Hemisphere gets least winter. Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere. For example, under the definition of astronomical seasons, the June solstice marks the start of summer in the Northern Hemisphere, but it is the start of winter in the Southern Hemisphere.
The same rule applies for the other seasons. The meteorological seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are also opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere:. The question which definition to use divides countries and regions around the world.
In many other countries, both definitions are used, depending on the context.
Short Essay on Winter Season (587 Words)
Some cultures, especially those in South Asia have calendars that divide the year into six seasons, instead of the four that most of us are familiar with. In Finland and Swedenthe dates of the seasons are not based on the calendar at all, but on temperatures. This means that the seasons within each county start and end on different dates, depending on the regions and their climate.Antonio Vivaldi - Winter (Full) - The Four Seasons
Menu timeanddate. Tweet Follow. Facebook Twitter. The four seasons. How exactly do seasons work? In most cultures, including all western countries, the year is commonly divided into four seasons: Spring Summer Fall or Autumn Winter Since the year has 12 monthseach season lasts about three months.
The beginning of each season marks the end of the last. The meteorological seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are also opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere: Spring starts September 1 and ends November 30; Summer starts December 1 and ends February 28 February 29 in a Leap Year ; Fall autumn starts March 1 and ends May 31; and Winter starts June 1 and ends August 31; Different Countries, Different Seasons The question which definition to use divides countries and regions around the world.Winter is the coldest season of the year in some parts of the northern and southern hemisphere, this season is characterized by falling snow and freezing cold temperatures, usually exacerbated by strong winds.
Image Courtesy : api. Most schools take breaks during this period, whilst business in offices slows and schedules are rearranged according to the whims of the season. Around this time, the days are short and nights longer, this usually reverse slowly as the season progresses.
The sun comes out very late on winter mornings and when it does is not hot. People rarely come outdoors until daylight; most sit indoors by the fireside in the mornings and evenings.
Most people wake up to shovel snow out of their paths on winter mornings. On some particularly severe occasions, snow and strong winds has blocked roads and grounded flights, even frozen rivers for days, week and months.
In winter affected areas of the world, several outdoor and sporting activities have been designed to take advantage of the weather and give the people a chance to exercise and bring themselves some joy. These activities, taken as tradition and practiced at every winter some depending on the ice level includes; curling, ice skating, ice racing, ice sculpture, ice hockey, ice fishing, ice climbing, ice boating and more.
Plants and animal life respond to winter in varying ways. Some animals such as birds migrate when the winter season is approaching and only return during the summer, this is to ensure food supply as most of their food sources freeze in the winter. Others go into hibernation, a state resembling sleep where the animal remains inactive, usually housed in a shell, remaining so until summer arrives. Some animals profusely gather and store food, in preparation for winter months when the sources are dead and gathering impossible.
In response to the weather most animals have also adapted themselves, by developing thick furs that keep them warm during this season, others such as the snowshoe hare changes colour to white and becomes indistinguishable from the snow as a survival tactic.
Whilst some plants completely die off in winter, others actually need the season to complete their life cycle. Some plants buried in snow are as a result insulated by it and survive the weather, some trees lose all their leaves during this season, but their roots are active, protected by the thick layers of snow that covers the earth surface.
Winter is also a time of fruits, many fruits such as guava and oranges as well as many vegetables become available during winter.
Often times people complain of winter, cursing the cold and praying for the summer, but if we did not have winter, can we truly appreciate summer and vice versa? You must be logged in to post a comment.
Essay on My Idea of a Happy Life. Short Essay on Summer Season Words. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.Winter is the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones winter does not occur in most of the tropical zone. It occurs after autumn and before spring in each year. Winter is caused by the axis of the Earth in that hemisphere being oriented away from the Sun.
Different cultures define different dates as the start of winter, and some use a definition based on weather. When it is winter in the Northern Hemisphereit is summer in the Southern Hemisphereand vice versa. In many regions, winter is associated with snow and freezing temperatures.
The moment of winter solstice is when the Sun's elevation with respect to the North or South Pole is at its most negative value that is, the Sun is at its farthest below the horizon as measured from the pole. The day on which this occurs has the shortest day and the longest night, with day length increasing and night length decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The earliest sunset and latest sunrise dates outside the polar regions differ from the date of the winter solstice, however, and these depend on latitude, due to the variation in the solar day throughout the year caused by the Earth's elliptical orbit see earliest and latest sunrise and sunset.
The tilt of the Earth's axis relative to its orbital plane plays a large role in the formation of weather.
The Earth is tilted at an angle of This variation brings about seasons. When it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere faces the Sun more directly and thus experiences warmer temperatures than the Northern Hemisphere. Conversely, winter in the Southern Hemisphere occurs when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted more toward the Sun. From the perspective of an observer on the Earth, the winter Sun has a lower maximum altitude in the sky than the summer Sun.
During winter in either hemisphere, the lower altitude of the Sun causes the sunlight to hit the Earth at an oblique angle. Thus a lower amount of solar radiation strikes the Earth per unit of surface area. Furthermore, the light must travel a longer distance through the atmosphere, allowing the atmosphere to dissipate more heat.
Compared with these effects, the effect of the changes in the distance of the Earth from the Sun due to the Earth's elliptical orbit is negligible. The manifestation of the meteorological winter freezing temperatures in the northerly snow—prone latitudes is highly variable depending on elevation, position versus marine winds and the amount of precipitation.
A similar but less extreme effect is found in Europe: in spite of their northerly latitude, the British Isles have not a single non-mountain weather station with a below-freezing mean January temperature. Meteorological reckoning is the method of measuring the winter season used by meteorologists based on "sensible weather patterns" for record keeping purposes,  so the start of meteorological winter varies with latitude.
The coldest average temperatures of the season are typically experienced in January or February in the Northern Hemisphere and in June, July or August in the Southern Hemisphere. Nighttime predominates in the winter season, and in some regions winter has the highest rate of precipitation as well as prolonged dampness because of permanent snow cover or high precipitation rates coupled with low temperatures, precluding evaporation.
Blizzards often develop and cause many transportation delays. As a result, the coldest January on record in Stockholminwas also the sunniest. Accumulations of snow and ice are commonly associated with winter in the Northern Hemisphere, due to the large land masses there. In this region, snow occurs every year in elevated regions such as the Andes, the Great Dividing Range in Australia, and the mountains of New Zealand, and also occurs in the southerly Patagonia region of South Argentina.
Snow occurs year-round in Antarctica.