# How to multiply subscripts

When working with statistical data in Google Sheets, you may sometimes need to use and show mathematical formulae. In this tutorial, I will show you some easy ways to add subscript and superscript in Google Sheets. Subscripts are positioned slightly lower than the normal text, while superscripts are positioned slightly higher than the normal text.

You might need subscripts while writing chemical formulae or notation. You may also need to use subscripts in mathematics, when you are trying to denote different versions of the same variable or to refer to a member of a sequence, for example — a 0a 1a 2 …. Superscripts, on the other hand, are often used to raise a number or variable to a certain power eg: x 2. It is also used to represent temperatures in degrees.

Using subscripts and superscripts is fairly easy on Google Docs, but this feature has not yet been implemented on Google Sheets. But a lot of people do need to display data that comes in the form of fractions or formulae in spreadsheets too this is also one of the common queries I get from people. It gives the character value corresponding to a given decimal value.

Numerical values for subscript and superscript alphabets are also available, but not for all of them. All you need to do is make a copy of this, save it on your own Google Drive and use the codes whenever required. Click here to access the sheet that has the subscript and superscripts you will have to make a copy to use it. You can then choose to adjust the size as required. Unicode symbols are a lot like emojis, but you can use them as part of your text. All you need to do is copy and paste the symbol into your cell wherever needed.

Alternatively, you can visit Compart. This will give you the Unicode symbol for the number 7 in superscript form as shown below. You can simply copy this symbol and paste to your Google Sheet.

Also available are superscript symbols for all lowercase alphabets except the letter qand subscript symbols for some lowercase alphabets. There are some superscript symbols for uppercase alphabets too but there are no subscript symbols for the same. To make things easier for you, here are all the available superscript and subscript Unicode symbols in one place.

Instead of going through the pain of searching, you can simply copy all the below symbols onto a google sheet somewhere or a Google Doc and then use them as and when needed. Note that the positions of these symbols in relation to your text may vary depending on the font used. There are a number of third-party add-ons that allow you to generate subscript or superscripts forms of numbers, letters, and some symbols. It might not be long before Google implements tools to directly use superscripts and subscripts in Google sheets too.

But until then, you can try to make do with the above techniques.When you have to calculate a compound's empirical formula from its percent compositionthere are a few tricks to use to help you deal with decimal mole ratios between the atoms that comprise your compound. Now, I assume you know how to get to this point, so I won't show you the whole approach. Let's assume you have a compound containing "A""B" ,and "C"and you determine the mole ratios between these elements to be.

In such cases it is very useful to use mixed fractions. Mixed fractions are a combination of a whole number and a regular or proper fraction.

In this case, 2. This makes the ratios equal to. Now multiply all of them by 3 to get rid of the denominator and you'll get the empirical formula.

If you get enough practice with empirical formulas you'll be able to "see" the answer faster. For example, if you have a compound comporised of "X""Y"and "Z"and the mole ratio looks like this. It will become obvious in time that you have to multiply all of them by 3 to get all-whole numbers and an empirical formula of.

Notice that the mixed fractions method is useful in this case as well, since 1. As a conclusion, it takes a little practice to be able to determine which numbers can be written in a useful way as mixed fractions, so spend some time on getting this skill down.

After you divide by the smallest amount of moles if you end up with a number ending in. If you end up with a number ending in. I need help with Subscripts for empirical formula, how do i know which number to multiply so that I get a whole number? Stefan V. Mar 10, Let's assume you have a compound containing "A""B" ,and "C"and you determine the mole ratios between these elements to be "A" : 2. For example, if you have a compound comporised of "X""Y"and "Z"and the mole ratio looks like this "X": 1.

Chem Academy. Related questions Is it possible to find a molecular formula from molar mass? Question What are some common mistakes students make when determining formulas? How can I determine the formula of an acid? How can I determine the chemical formula of a product?

How can I determine the empirical formula of a compound? How can I determine the formula of a hydrate? What does the empirical formula indicate? A molecule with molecular weight of Do I need to know the number of moles of each element to determine the formula of the compound? See all questions in Determining Formula.

Impact of this question views around the world. You can reuse this answer Creative Commons License.Under certain special conditions, multiplication and only multiplication is the proper procedure, but not always or even generally.

You cannot change the subscript just to help you balance the equation. You can only balance an equation by using whole-number coefficients written at the beginning of a substance. If no subscript is present, you can't just add one to help you balance the equation for same reason listed above. A coefficient is the number that goes before an element when your balancing the equation.

And a subscript is the number after the element. Subscripts are not changed when you balance the equation. Subscript cannot be change to balance chemical equations. Only coefficients can be added to balance chemical equation.

The coefficient is a count of the number of molecules of each substance in a chemical process. The subscript is the number of atoms of an element in each molecule.

### How to Balance Chemical Equations

Because changing the subscript changes the chemical makeup of the molecule itself. Balancing involves changing the coefficients found before the molecule. When balancing a chemical equation, you multiply the subscripts in a chemical formula times the coefficient in front of the formula to get the total number of atoms of each element.

You cannot change the subscript. You may only change the molar coefficient. A subscript indicates the number of atoms or ions of an element in a chemical formula. The subscript in the equation tells you how many atoms of that element there are in the reaction.

The product of a coefficient and a subscript tells how many atoms are present. You multiply the coefficients times the subscripts for each element in order to determine the number of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation.

The absence of a coefficient is understood to be 1, and the absence of a subscript is understood to be 1. You can't change the subscript. Source: e See that 3 subscript on O in NaClO3? Hint to double the moles there. If your goal is to balance the equation, then yes, you have to chose the coefficients. The point of balancing an equation is to find the ratios in which chemicals will react or be produced.

By changing the equation, you change the reaction. Coefficients are used to balance equations because if you change the subscript, than you would change the substance. The coefficient is a number that is multiplied by the subscript in a chemical equation. Coefficients are written in front of a chemical formula in a chemical equation, in order to balance the equation by changing the amount of reactants and products as needed, in order to make the numbers of atoms of each element the same on both sides of the equation.

This is done by multiplying each subscript of each element by the coefficient. If there is no coefficient, it is understood to be 1. Asked By Curt Eichmann. Asked By Leland Grant. Asked By Veronica Wilkinson.Chemical equations provide a formula for a chemical reaction between molecules that may include a single element or multiple elements.

Generally, they follow the format of reactants to products, where "reactants" are the starting materials of your reaction and "products" are the end result. Abbreviations of element names are used to facilitate the equations. Abbreviations can be found in a periodic table of elements. It is important to balance chemical equations in order to follow the Law of the Conservation of Mass.

In simplified terms, the law states that there must be an equal number of atoms of each element in the reactants as in the products.

The instructions will examine balancing simple equations that contain 2 molecules for reactants and for products. The examples will only use whole numbers and will not discuss equations that involve complex ions, which is a molecule that has a charge. When approaching a chemical equation, it is important that you understand the difference between coefficients and subscripts. The coefficient is placed in front of a molecule, while the subscript follows certain atoms as shown in the first picture.

In a molecule, the coefficient denotes the amount of that molecule present. The subscript of an atom indicates the amount of that atom in the molecule. For example, in the first picture the coefficient for the second term indicates that 3 molecules of H2 are present, and the subscript of the first term signifies that 2 atoms of nitrogen N are present per molecule of N2. If there is not a subscript present on an element, you can infer there is only one atom of that element. Adding a coefficient in front of a molecule multiplies all atoms within that molecule by the number of the coefficient.

If an atom has a subscript, the coefficient and the subscript multiply to yield the total amount of that atom in the molecule. For example, in the second picture, the coefficient for ammonia NH3 on the products side is 2. The 2 is multiplied by the subscript of hydrogen which is 3, yielding a total number of hydrogen atoms equal to 6.

The coefficient is the part that can be changed and added when balancing an equation. Changing the coefficient changes the total number of that molecule. The subscript, however, cannot be changed. Altering a subscript would change the molecule itself. In the above example, Fe was chosen as the element to start. A coefficient of 2 was added to the first term so that the new reactant atom count of Fe would be 2 in order to equal the atom count of 2 for the product Fe.

In the example, Cl was the next atom chosen. In order to equal the new atom count of 6 for the reactant Cl, the molecule containing Cl in the products must have a coefficient of 3.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It only takes a minute to sign up. I'm not too good with math, but once in a while I like to fiddle around with it.

But one question has been bugging me lately. Is there any way to easily multiply all of them together, like summation, but with multiplication instead? Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Multiplying subscripts Ask Question. Asked 6 years, 8 months ago. Active 6 years, 8 months ago. Viewed 1k times. Umberto 1, 8 8 silver badges 16 16 bronze badges. Coarse Coarse 25 6 6 bronze badges.

## Do I multiply these subscripts?

Email Required, but never shown. Featured on Meta. Responding to the Lavender Letter and commitments moving forward. Related 0. Hot Network Questions. Question feed. Mathematics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled.What a match up. No one has more ability than this pair. Both have got talent pouring out of their ears. Both have got great attributes and can win any fight on their best day. Rigondeaux is the more experienced and very sharp.

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Formulas and Subscripts

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